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How Do You Begin Your Salaah?


سَعِيدٍ أَنَّ النَّبِىَّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- كَانَ إِذَا افْتَتَحَ الصَّلاَةَ قَالَ « سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ تَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

Sa’eed (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to begin his prayer by saying “Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you.

Collected by Abu Dawud (775) ,At-Tirmithi (242), An-Nisa’(2/ 132) and others

The scholars who graded this hadeeth as being weak and unauthentic and why;

1.      At-Tirmithi (may Allah have mercy on him) said, “The isnad that leads to Sa’eed has been criticized. Yahya ibn Sa’eed criticized Ali ibn Ali Ar-Rafa’i. And Imam Ahmed said that this hadeeth is week.

2.      Abu Dawud (may Allah have mercy on him) said, “People say the hadeeth narrated from Ali ibn Ali on Hasan is Mursal and a mistake from Jafir.

3.      Ibn Hibban (may Allah have mercy on him) said, Ali ibn Ali  used to make a lot of mistakes in transmitting hadeeth due to the few narrations he had. Then he mentioned this hadeeth.

4.      Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali (may Allah have mercy on him) said , The hadeeth with the text  that attribute this thikr to the Prophet(peace and blessings be upon him) are weak.

5.      Ibn Khuzaymah (may Allah have mercy on him) said,” The people in Khurasan use this thikr at the opening of the prayer. I don’t know any authentic narration on the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to support this.

6.      Al-Bayhaqqee (may Allah rest him in Jannah) said,” There is another narration on Ibn Masud (may Allah be pleased with him) which is weak. It has also been reported from Aisha and Anas (may Allah be pleased with them), however the most sound narration is the one which attributes this thikr to Umar ibn Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him).”

7.      An-Nawwawee (may Allah have mercy on him) said, “All the different chains of narrations for the thikr Glory be to You…are all weak and unauthentic. The only narration which is saheeh is the one on Umar ibn Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him). And this narration points to the thikr as being his own words.

8.      Ibn Mulaqqin (may Allah have mecy on him) graded this hadeeth as being weak as well.

9.       Shaykh Muqbil (May Allah have mercy on him) graded a narration with these words in the Hakim’s Mustadarak as being weak, due to the breakage in the chain.

Abu Azeez Hasan Ibn Nur (from Dammaj) said, “In summary the narrations which attribute this thikr to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) are all weak, as the earlier senior scholars unanimously agree. And ironically this hadeeth is well-known between the common folk, taught at schools and mentioned in many of the books authored today. And perhaps the only reason it’s so widespread is because it is  short. It must be noted that this hadeeth is weak. We aren’t in need of it. It’s our duty to encourage the Muslims to follow and act by the authentic narrations, which agree with the Prophet’s guidance. He (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Pray as you see me pray”….

 

Taken from [ Mukhtasara Em’anal Nathir Lee Taqreeb Al-Masa’il Faqeehee wa Tahqeeq Al-Kabar by Hasan ibn Nur  page 71-72] this book has the forward from Shaykh Muhammad Al-Imam and Shaykh Yahya Al-Hajooree (may Allah preserve them)

·         Ahmed Najmee said” Em’anal Nathir is a beneficial book…”

Translated by: Abu Aaliyah Abdullah ibn Dwight Battle

Doha, Qatar http://abuaaliyah.multiply.com/journal/item/65

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