How and When Zakaatul Fitr is to be given


When it is to be given


It is to be given before the people go out for
the ‘Eid prayer. It is not permissible to
delay it until after the prayer, nor to give it
in advance, except by a day or two as is
reported from the practice of Ibn ‘Umar
radhiallaahu ‘anhu.145

Also whoever gives it after
the prayer, it is merely a Sadaqah.146

145 – Ibn Maajah # 1827
146 – Abu Daawood # 1622


How Zakat ul-fitr is to be given


Ibn ‘Umar reported:
Allah’s Messenger enjoined the payment of one Saa’ * of dates or one Saa’ of barley as Zakaatul-fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the ‘Eed prayer. [al-Bukhaaree]

Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree said: We used to take out as the Zakaatul-fitr one saa’ of grain, or one saa’ of barley, or one saa’ of dates, or one saa’ of cheese or one saa’ of raisins. [al-Bukhaaree & Muslim]

* a mudd is a measurement consisting of the two hands cupped together. A Saa’ is 4 amdaad (4 “mudds”).
So a Saa’ is 4 cupped hands full of those types of food mentioned in the ahaadeeth above:

Above Taken from: http://salafiyyah-kuwait.blogspot.com/2007/10/zakaatul-fitr_09.html

To give money instead of Zakaatul-Fitr
Zakaatul-Fitr is legislated to be given only
in the form of food grains. To give money
instead of food grains is a clear opposition
of the Sunnah. However, a person may give
the amount of money required to procure
the grains to a person who will purchase it
on his behalf and is in-charge of
distributing it.
Majmu’ Fataawaa Bin Baaz # 14/208


With the approach of the end of Ramadhaan, and in wanting to
stick closely to the Sunnah, we asked Shaykh ‘Ubayd al-Jabiree Back in November 2002 concerning Zakaat ul-Fitr.


Shaykh ‘Ubayd ibn Abdillaah ibn Sulaymaan al-Jabiree was asked in November 2002


Question:
In Britain few people need Zakat ul-Fitr, is it permissible for us to send money to another country such as Morocco and the brothers there buy food?

Answer:
Laa bas, Laa bas [it is ok], give to those who require it in Britain and send the rest [to morocco].

Question:
Do we send the amount of money required to buy a Sa’a of food for the British or the amount of money required to buy a Sa’a for those in Morocco?

Answer:
For the British give them grain, or rice, or that which you have with you, send for the people of Maghrib that which suffices them.

Question:
How many days before ‘Eid should we collect the money from the people?

Answer:
This returns to you, you judge in the affair so that you can send it quickly, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days so that the money may be collected.

—————-

Some Fataawa from the Scholars on Giving Zakaatul Fitr in money

Question: Is it permissible to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr in money? – with mention of the evidences
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Answer: Zakaatul-Fitr is not permissible except (to be paid) from FOOD. And it is not allowed to discharge its value in money. This is because the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) made it obligatory (to be discharged) from a saa’ of dates or a saa’ of barley. Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree [radhi-yallaahu ‘anhu] said: “We used to discharge it (Zakaatul-Fitr) in the time of the Prophet [sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam] as a saa’ of FOOD…)”.( Bukhaaree 2:582) Therefore, it is not lawful for anyone to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr from money (dirhams) or clothing or household furnishings. Instead, that which is obligatory is to discharge it in what Allaah has made obligatory on the tongue of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam). There is no consideration (weight) for the Istihsaan [viewing of something to be good, without basis from the legal sources of Qur’aan and Sunnah] of those of the people who viewed the giving of money as a good thing. The Law (Sharee’ah) does not follow (i.e. it is not secondary to) the opinions of people. No, it (the Law) is from the One Who is Wise, Knowing -Allaah (subhaanahu wa-ta’aala) – The Mighty, The Glorious, The Most Knowing, The Most Wise. So, if that which has been made obligatory by the tongue of Muhammad r is a saa’ of food, then it is not permissible to bypass (skip over) that, no matter what our intellects make us to view as being good. Instead, it is a must that the human being question and suspect his intellect and views if it conflicts with, or contradicts, the law of Allaah.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

What is the ruling in the case of someone compelled to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr by money?
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Question: What is the ruling in the case of someone compelled to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr by money? And does it fulfill for him his obligation?

Answer: It appears to me that if someone is compelled to discharge the Zakaatul-Fitr by money, then he should give them the money, and not openly disobey those in authority. But, as far as that which is between him and Allaah, he should discharge what he has been commanded by the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) to discharge. So, he should discharge a saa’ of food as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) commanded. Their compelling you to discharge it from money is compulsion to do something which Allaah has not legislated. In that case, you must fulfill what you believe to be obligatory.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

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