Abu Ayyoub reported that the Messenger of Allah, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam said “Whoever fasts the month of Ramadhan and then follows it by fasting six days during the month of Shawwal will be rewarded as if he had fasted the entire year. [Muslim, at-Tirmithi, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood and Ahmad by way of Jabir].
These days can be anytime during the month of Shawwal except the first day because it is unlawful to fast the day of Eid. These days do not have to be at beginning of the month nor do they have to be consecutive. Hence, Muslims should seize this opportunity and fast these six days to get Allah’s reward.
Why the fasting of six days of Shawal after Ramadhan equates that of the whole year? Some `Ulamaa’ say that the good deed is rewarded ten times. Thus fasting six days is like fasting 60 days, added to 30 days of Ramadhan times 10 (i.e. 300) it makes it a year.
AsSalam Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuhu
Official Decision and Announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia…
Just a short time ago, Fatwa-Online was informed of the official decision and announcement of the High Judiciary Council (HJC) of Saudi Arabia that since the moon of Shawwaal was sighted this evening, here in Saudi Arabia, we shall be completing twenty nine(29) days of Ramadhaan (1429 A.H.), in accordance with the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam):
((Fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you, then complete thirty days of Sha’baan. And break your fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you then fast thirty days)), [transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim].
Subsequently, we shall be celebrating ‘Eed al-Fitr on Tuesday 30 September 2008, inshaa.-Allaah.
When it is to be given
It is to be given before the people go out for
the ‘Eid prayer. It is not permissible to
delay it until after the prayer, nor to give it
in advance, except by a day or two as is
reported from the practice of Ibn ‘Umar
Also whoever gives it after
the prayer, it is merely a Sadaqah.146
145 – Ibn Maajah # 1827
146 – Abu Daawood # 1622
How Zakat ul-fitr is to be given
Ibn ‘Umar reported: Allah’s Messenger enjoined the payment of one Saa’ * of dates or one Saa’ of barley as Zakaatul-fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the ‘Eed prayer. [al-Bukhaaree]
Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree said: We used to take out as the Zakaatul-fitr one saa’ of grain, or one saa’ of barley, or one saa’ of dates, or one saa’ of cheese or one saa’ of raisins. [al-Bukhaaree & Muslim]
* a mudd is a measurement consisting of the two hands cupped together. A Saa’ is 4 amdaad (4 “mudds”).
So a Saa’ is 4 cupped hands full of those types of food mentioned in the ahaadeeth above:
Above Taken from: http://salafiyyah-kuwait.blogspot.com/2007/10/zakaatul-fitr_09.html
To give money instead of Zakaatul-Fitr
Zakaatul-Fitr is legislated to be given only
in the form of food grains. To give money
instead of food grains is a clear opposition
of the Sunnah. However, a person may give
the amount of money required to procure
the grains to a person who will purchase it
on his behalf and is in-charge of
Majmu’ Fataawaa Bin Baaz # 14/208
Shaykh ‘Ubayd ibn Abdillaah ibn Sulaymaan al-Jabiree was asked in November 2002
In Britain few people need Zakat ul-Fitr, is it permissible for us to send money to another country such as Morocco and the brothers there buy food?
Laa bas, Laa bas [it is ok], give to those who require it in Britain and send the rest [to morocco].
Do we send the amount of money required to buy a Sa’a of food for the British or the amount of money required to buy a Sa’a for those in Morocco?
For the British give them grain, or rice, or that which you have with you, send for the people of Maghrib that which suffices them.
How many days before ‘Eid should we collect the money from the people?
This returns to you, you judge in the affair so that you can send it quickly, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days so that the money may be collected.
Question: Is it permissible to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr in money? – with mention of the evidences
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Answer: Zakaatul-Fitr is not permissible except (to be paid) from FOOD. And it is not allowed to discharge its value in money. This is because the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) made it obligatory (to be discharged) from a saa’ of dates or a saa’ of barley. Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree [radhi-yallaahu ‘anhu] said: “We used to discharge it (Zakaatul-Fitr) in the time of the Prophet [sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam] as a saa’ of FOOD…)”.( Bukhaaree 2:582) Therefore, it is not lawful for anyone to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr from money (dirhams) or clothing or household furnishings. Instead, that which is obligatory is to discharge it in what Allaah has made obligatory on the tongue of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam). There is no consideration (weight) for the Istihsaan [viewing of something to be good, without basis from the legal sources of Qur’aan and Sunnah] of those of the people who viewed the giving of money as a good thing. The Law (Sharee’ah) does not follow (i.e. it is not secondary to) the opinions of people. No, it (the Law) is from the One Who is Wise, Knowing -Allaah (subhaanahu wa-ta’aala) – The Mighty, The Glorious, The Most Knowing, The Most Wise. So, if that which has been made obligatory by the tongue of Muhammad r is a saa’ of food, then it is not permissible to bypass (skip over) that, no matter what our intellects make us to view as being good. Instead, it is a must that the human being question and suspect his intellect and views if it conflicts with, or contradicts, the law of Allaah.
What is the ruling in the case of someone compelled to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr by money?
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Question: What is the ruling in the case of someone compelled to discharge Zakaatul-Fitr by money? And does it fulfill for him his obligation?
Answer: It appears to me that if someone is compelled to discharge the Zakaatul-Fitr by money, then he should give them the money, and not openly disobey those in authority. But, as far as that which is between him and Allaah, he should discharge what he has been commanded by the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) to discharge. So, he should discharge a saa’ of food as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) commanded. Their compelling you to discharge it from money is compulsion to do something which Allaah has not legislated. In that case, you must fulfill what you believe to be obligatory.
‘…The smart one does not command people to abandon the dunya, because this is impossible for them. Rather, he has them abandon sins while they are established in their dunya. This is because abandoning the dunya is an optional virtue while abandoning sins is an obligation. So, how can he command them with something optional while they have not even fulfilled what is obligatory?
If it is difficult for them to abandon sins, he should then strive to get them to love Allah by reminding them of His signs, blessings, Kindness, perfection, and Loftiness. This is because the hearts are naturally designed to love Him, and if they become attached to loving Him, it then becomes extremely easy to abandon sins and to detach oneself from them.
Yahya bin Mu’adh said: ‘The intelligent one seeking the dunya is better than the ignorant one abandoning it.’
The smart one calls the people to Allah from their dunya, and this makes it easier for them to respond to him. The zahid calls them to Allah by way of abandoning the dunya, and this makes it hard for them to respond, since it is very hard to pull someone away from the breast that he has developed his mind while suckling on…’
[al-Fawa’id; p. 233-234]
Imam Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyah This book, AI-Fawaid: A Collection of Wise Sayings is one of the well-known compilations of Imam Shams Ad-Dm Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah, who is well known by the name Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy upon him). – Download Book – (12 MB) Right click and save target as