Official Decision and Announcement of the High Judiciary Council of Saudi Arabia…
Just a short time ago, Fatwa-Online was informed of the official decision and announcement of the High Judiciary Council (HJC) of Saudi Arabia that since the moon of Ramadhaan was not sighted this evening, here in Saudi Arabia, we shall be completing thirty (30) days of Sha’baan (1429 A.H.), in accordance with the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam):
((Fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you, then complete thirty days of Sha’baan. And break your fast when you see the crescent. If it is obscured to you then fast thirty days)), [transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim].
Subsequently, we shall be starting our taraaweeh prayers tomorrow evening (Sunday 31 August 2008) after the ‘Ishaa. prayer, in preparation for the first fast of Ramadhaan on Monday 1 September 2008, inshaa.-Allaah.
2 Opinions on when to start Fasting
When Do We Start Fasting (Opinion #1)?
|Reference: Tape: Istiqbaal Shahr Ramadaan (Welcoming the Month of Ramadaan), Side B 21st of Sha’baan, 1425|
It is well known to your eminence the presence of Muslim minorities in some non-Muslim countries and the disputing that occurs between some of them as it relates to the beginning of the fast of Ramadaan. So what is the best way to unify them and eliminate any splitting and differing amongst them? May Allaah reward you with good.
My advice to those minorities in the other countries is that they call the Kingdom [of Saudi Arabia]. And they do [in fact] call: they call the Higher Judiciary Council in the Kingdom from France, Britain and America. They ask about the sighting of the crescent and are informed about it. So they should strive to do that.
Also, from the things that are well established and undoubtedly known is that if the crescent is sighted in an eastern country, the possibility of sighting it in a land west of that country is even more likely… Hence, if it is seen in the Kingdom, the likelihood of seeing it in America is greater. However, they may not spot it, or they may not be skilled at sighting it, or they may be busy with other things. So they should call the Kingdom. If it is announced that the fast has started in the Kingdom and it’s broadcasted through the media – visual and audio – then whoever hears it should follow it.
The problem is when it’s sighted in the Kingdom and it hasn’t been sighted in the Far East, since [the difference in time zone] between us and the Far East is almost a whole night. So if we [in KSA] have sighted it at the time of sunset, it will be the end of the night or the time of Fajr in the Far East. Thus the countries of the Far East are not bound to fast according to our sighting. Rather, those bound to follow our sighting are the ones who are west of this country.
When Do We Start Fasting (Opinion #2)?
|Reference: ataawaa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (10/112; #2149)|
Is it permissible for Muslims residing in a non-Islaamic country to form a committee responsible for determining [the sighting of] the crescent of Ramadaan, Shawaal and Dhul Hijjah?
It is permissible for Muslims present in a non-Islaamic country to form a committee comprising of Muslims that will take responsibility for determining [the sighting of] the crescent of Ramadaan, Shawaal and Dhul Hijjah.
Both articles are from: http://www.madeenah.com
1. Sitting after the Fajr prayer remembering Allah until sunrise: “whoever prays al-ghadaa (fajr) in congregation, then sits remembering Allah until sunrise, then prays 2 rakats of salat has a complete reward of Hajj and Umrah (the prophet s..a.w repeated the word ‘complete’ 3 times for emphasis) [at-Tirmidhi, classed as Saheeh by al-Albani
2. Praying the 12 sunnah prayers each day: ” Allah will build house in Jannah for whoever is diligent in observing 12 sunnah rakat (as follows) 4 rakat before and 2 after Dhur, 2 after the Maghrib, 2 after Ishaa, and 2 before Fr.” [hadeeth is sahih narrated by at-Tirmidhi No. 379 and by others.
3. Attending lectures in the mosque. “Whoever goes to the mosque not desiring except to learn or teach what is good has the reward of a pilgrim who completed his Hajj” [at-Tabarani, classed sahih by al-Albani]
4. Visiting a sick Muslim. “There is no Muslim who visits a sick muslim early in the morning but 70 thousand angles send blessings upon him until evening comes, and if he visits him in the evening, 70 thousand angles send blessings upon him until morning comes, and he will have a garden in paradise.” Classed as sahih by al-Albani in sahih al-Tirmidhi
5. Providing food for breaking the fast. “Whoever provides food for breaking of the fast for a fasting person receives the reward of the fasting person, without the reward of the fasting person being reduced in any way.” -at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]
6. Standing in prayer on Laylatul Qadr. “Laylatul Qadr is better than a thousand months.” Quran 97:3], that is, superior to approx 83 years of worship!
7. Remember Allah when you go shopping : “Whoever enters a market and says:
‘Laa ilaha illallah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu yuhyi wa yumeetu wa huwa hayyun laa yamoot, bi yadihil khair, wa huwa ‘ala kulli shayin qadeer’
[there is nothing worthy of worship except Allah, alone without partner, to Him belongs dominion and praise, He causes life and death and He is the Living and does not die. In His Hand is all the good, and He is over all things competent]
Allah will write for him/her a million good deeds and erase a million bad deeds and raise him a million levels.” [at-Tirmidhi, classed as hasan by al-Albani]
8. Asking Allah to forgive your brothers and sisters. “Whoever seeks forgiveness for believing men and believing woman, Allah will write for him a good deed for each believing man and believing woman.” [at-Tabarani, classed as hasan by al-Albani]
9. It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (r.a) said “The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said: ‘Whoever says subhanallah wa bi hamdih (praise and glory be to Allah) 100 times, morning and evening, his sins will be erased even if they are like the foam on the sea.” Narrated by al-Bukhari, 6042; Muslim 2691
10. If a person says “Subhanallah” (glory be to Allah) 100 times, a thousand good deeds are recorded for him and a thousand bad deeds are wiped away. Narrated by Muslim 2073
The following ahadeeth are from Saheehul-Jaami’ of Shaikh al-Albani (r.a) pg. 1103-1104
-Abu Umaamah (ra) reported that Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said: “Whoever recites Ayatul-Kursi following every obligitiry prayer, nothing will prevent him from entering Jannah except dying.”
– Ibn Masood (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) “Whever recites the last 2 verses of Surah Baqarah in a night, they will sufice him.”
– Anas (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allaaah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said: “Whoever recited Surah Kafiroon it will be equal to a quarter of the Quran for him, and whoever recites Surah Ikhlas it will be equal to a third of the Quran for him.”
– Tameem as-Daaree (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said: “Whoever recites (in prayer) with a hundred verses a night , it will written for him as devout obedience to Allah for the night.”
– Abu Sa’eed (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) Whoever recites Surah Kahf on the day of Jumu’ah, light will be made to shine for him between the 2 Jumu’ahs (that Jumu’ah and the one followingit)”
– Mu’aadh bin Anas (ra) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said: “Whoever recites Surah Ikhlas 10 times, Allah will build for him a house in Jannah.”
Memorize these important dua’s inshallah
1. The authentic dua to sat when breaking your fast: “Dhahabath- dhama-oo wabtallatil-urooq wa thabatil ajru inshallaah” (The thirst has gone the veins are quenched and the reward is confirmed if Allah wills)
2. The dua to say when seeking the night of Laylatul-Qadr: “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun tuhibbil-afwa fa’fu ‘annii” (Oh Allah You are the Forgiving and Pardoning Who loves to forgive and pardon so forgive and pardon me) [at-Tirmidhi and it is saheeh)
ahlulsunnahwaljammah has shared a video playlist with you on YouTube.
Sighting of moon a must, Ulema board
MAKKAH – The Board of Senior Ulema dismissed the idea of determining the beginning of Ramadan with astronomic calculations without visibly sighting the month’s crescent, Al-Madina reported.
The Grand Mufti, Sheikh Abdul Aziz Bin Abdullah Aal Sheikh, said astronomic calculations are based on mathematical equations and are not acceptable in terms of fasting. He said the Prophet’s (pbuh) Hadith of “Fast at its sighting” and the one of “Do not fast until you sight it” were clear and decisive.
The Board finished discussing the issue last Tuesday and concluded to continue depending on sighting the crescent since only three members agreed on using the mathematical calculations instead.
‘Fasting begins only after moon sighted’
MAKKAH: The Saudi Council of Senior Scholars has rejected the demand that the beginning and end of lunar months should be determined on the basis of astronomical calculations.
“Shariah does not accept astronomical calculations based on mathematical computing as the basis for the beginning and ending of Ramadan,” said Abdul Aziz Al-Asheikh, grand mufti of Saudi Arabia and chairman of the council.
“If anyone doubts our moon-sighting, fasting and feasting, it betrays his weak faith and defective perception,” the grand mufti, who is head of the Administration of Research in Religious Sciences and Fatwa said. He cited a Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him) which says, “You start fasting when you see (the moon) and stop it when you sight (the next moon) and when it is hidden by clouds, complete (30 days of) fasting.”
The grand mufti added that it is obligatory on the Muslims to start fasting when any Muslim known for his honesty and healthy eyesight claims to have sighted the new moon. This is the practice in the Kingdom, he said, dismissing suggestion that Muslims may depend on astronomical calculations to begin fasting in Ramadan and celebrate Eid.
It is the Supreme Judicial Council that announces the sighting of the new moon to mark the beginning of Rajab (seventh month of the Islamic calendar), Shaaban (the month preceding Ramadan), Ramadan, and the three months following it, Al-Madinah newspaper reported.
The senior scholars’ council concluded a series of discussions on the issue and came to the conclusion on Tuesday that sighting of the moon should be the basis of a month’s beginning though three of its members supported the idea of depending on astronomical calculations.
Kaab Ibn Ujrah (May Allah be pleased with him) relates that Rasulullah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said Come near to the mimbar and we came near the mimbar. When He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) climbed the first step of the mimbar, He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said “Aameen”, When He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) ascended the second step, He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said “Aameen”, When He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) climbed the third step, He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said “Aameen” When He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) came down, We said “O Rasool of Allah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam), we have heard from you today something which we never heard before” He (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said When I climbed the first step, the angel Jibraeel (‘alayhe salaam) appeared before me and said
“Destruction to him who found the blessed month of Ramadhan and let it pass by without gaining forgiveness”
upon that I said ‘Aameen’. When I climbed the second step, he said,
“Destruction to him before whom thy name is taken and then he does not make Dua for Allah’s blessing on me (by saying, for example sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam).”
I replied ‘Aameen’. When I climbed the third step, he said
“Destruction unto him in whose lifetime his parents or either one of them reaches old age, and (through failure to serve them) he is not allowed to enter Jannah”.
I said ‘Aameen’. (Hakim, Baihaqi)
Note In this Hadith, it appears that Jibraeel (‘alayhe salaam) gave expression to three curses, upon which Rasulullah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) said Aameen every time. In al-Durr al-Mansoor it is reported that Jibraeel (‘alayhe salaam) advised Rasulullah (sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam) to say Aameen. Being an angel of such high mark, Jibraeel ‘s giving these curses is sure to be accepted. May Allah (Subhanahu wa Taala) in His infinite mercy grant us His help and save us from these three dangers.