Ramadhan Q + A (Part 1) Shaykh Muqbil (d.1422H/2001)
Ramadan Questions and Answers by Sheikh Muqbil bin Hadee (rahimahullahu Ta’la)
Question 1: Is it obligatory that a person makes their intention to fast (at the beginning of everyday) of the month of Ramadan, or is it sufficient to have one intention for the full month, and when should one make their intention to fast?
Answer: The Prophet (sallahu alahee wa salem) said: “Verily all actions are by their intentions, and everyone will have what he/she intends”. This is a proof of the obligation of having an intention in every action. So what is apparent is that a person must intend to fast every individual day. This does not mean that one says: I have intended to fast on such and such day in Ramadan. Rather, what is meant is that he holds the intention (inwardly). So in fact, one getting up for suhoor (food eaten before the entering of fajr), this is considered an intention to fast, and one abstaining from food and drink, is also considered an intention to fast. As for the hadeeth: “Whoever sleeps without intending to fast, there is no fast for him”, this is a weak hadeeth. It is from the category of muttarib (a hadeeth reported in many different ways, all having the same strength, so none of them can outweigh the other), even if some scholars consider it to be hasan (acceptable), what is correct is that it is a muttarib (weak) narration.
Question 2: Are there any specific words for intending to fast, and is it permissible to make the intention audibly, are there any specific supplications to be said when breaking ones fast, (if so) does one say these supplications audibly?
Answer: There are no specific words for intending to fast. What is correct is that a person does not verbally intend any form of worship, even in the affair of Hajj. Those who have mentioned that a person makes his intention for Hajj audibly, have not brought a proof for this except what is mentioned from the individual (sahabee) that said: Oh Allah, I am answering your call on behalf of Shubrumah. This statement: .on behalf of Shubrumah..” can be understood that he is performing the Hajj for Shubrumah, and Hajj means to intend, and it can also mean that he is making the intention on behalf of Shubrumah, and in this case it is said what was mentioned to him by the Messenger -sallahu alaahe wa saleem-.As for supplications, from the people of knowledge are those that hold this narration to be authentic: “The thirst has passed, the veins are fed and the reward is established by the permission of Allah” But what is apparent is that there is no specific authentic supplication. Although there is an authentic narration: “Verily there is an answered supplication for the fasting person at the time of the breaking of his fast” (Based on this) one should supplicate to Allah seeking His forgiveness and asking from Him a cure, and other then that from your needs.
Shaikh Saalih bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez Aali Shaikh said, “There is no such thing as “study time” for the student of knowledge! This is because all of his
time is spent in seeking knowledge. In the morning and in the evening, his mind is preoccupied with the various issues of knowledge.” ~ Al-Manhajiyyah fee Talabil-‘Ilm”