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Clarifying 2 Prevailing Doubts


Bismillah Ir Rahmaan Ir Raheem

All praise belongs to Allah and may the Prayers of Allah be upon Prophet Muhammad sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam, his family and companions.

In this post, may Allah bless you all, I will inshaAllah try to bring the evidences and the speech of the scholars of Islam, the scholars of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah about two prevailing doubts that are present amongst the Muslims.

The first is regarding the addition of “as salaatu khairun minan-Nawm (prayer is better than sleep)” in the adhaan for the Fajr prayer and whether this was an addition made by the noble Companion, ‘Umar bin al-Khattab radiyallahu ‘anhu.

[Begin Quote]

This phrase comes in an authentic hadith collected by Imam Ahmad in his musnad (3:408):

“If you call the first Adhan of the morning prayer, say: As -Salatu Khairun minan-Nawm.”

“However, it should be known that the first Adhan referred to in the hadith is the Adhan which is called after the beginning of the prayer time and the second adhaan is the Iqaamah. Because the Iqaamah is also called an Adhaan; the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam said:

“Between every two Adhaans there is a prayer.”

[Reported by Bukhari in the Book of the Adhaan, in the Chapter: Between every Two Adhaans there is a Prayer for Him Who Wishes; and by Muslim in the Book of the Prayer of the Traveller, in the Chapter: Between Every Two Adhaans There is a Prayer.]

What is meant by two Adhaans is the Adhaan and the Iqaamah.” [End Quote]

(Fatawa Arkan-ul-Islam. Vol. 1. Pg. 406 )

‘Umar bin al-Khattab, being from the four rightly guided caliphs, would not add something to the religion which was not commanded by Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam. This is because the Prophet has commanded us to follow the way of the four rightly guided caliphs in the hadith:

 

“You must keep to my Sunnah and of the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Caliphs, cling to it firmly… Beware of newly invented matters, for every new matter is an innovation and every innovation is misleading.”

Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 4607) and by at-Tirmidthee (no. 2676). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Irwaa’ul-Ghaleel (no. 2455).

 

It does not make sense for the one who is believed without any doubt, that he would command the Ummah to follow someone who keeps away from his Sunnah and introduces innovations into the religion. Any rational minded individual will realize this reality.

 

————————

 

The second doubt that will be addressed here inshaAllah ta’ala is the claim that ‘Umar bin al-Khattab radiyallahu ‘anhu started the taraweeh prayers after Prophet Muhammad sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam had stopped praying it.

[Begin Quote]

The Taraweeh prayer is a Sunnah which was prescribed by the Messenger of Allah sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam and it is reported in the Two Sahihs on the authority of ‘Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, that the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam prayed in the masjid one night and some people prayed with him. Then he prayed on the next night and the people had become numerous, then they gathered on the third or the fourth night, but the Messenger of Allah sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam did not come out. Then in the morning, he said:

“I saw what you did, and nothing prevented me from coming out to you except that I feared it would become an obligation upon you.”

 [Reported by Al-Bukhari in the Book of Tahajjud, in the Chapter: The Encouragement of the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam to Offer the Night Prayer (1129); and by Muslim in the Book of the Travellers’ Prayers, in the Chaper: The Encouragement of Offering the Night Prayer in Ramadhan (177).]

[End Quote] Fatawa Arkan-ul-Islam. Vol. 2. Pg. 509
 

With this hadith, it is made clear that when ‘Umar started the Taraweeh prayers, he was not bringing an innovation into the religion, rather he renewed the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam.

It must be understood why the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam stopped praying the Taraweeh prayers in Jama’ah and this is because he feared that it might become an obligation upon the Muslims. So this fear remained through the lifetime of Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam because revelation could come to him at any time. But after his death, this fear no longer remained because revelation had stopped and there was no way for something which was a Sunnah to become an obligation upon the Muslims without it being revealed from the One who legislated this religion of Islaam.

This affair, Muslims praying the taraweeh prayers separately remained so during the khilaafah of Abu Bakr until ‘Umar brought the Muslims together under a single Imaam, just as they had gathered behind the Messenger of Allah sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam.

And we know that the Messenger of Allah sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam mentioned:

“Whoever introduced a good practice (sunnah) into Islaam then for him there is the reward of it and whoever works in accordance to it until the Day of Resurrection; their rewards will not diminish in the least. And whoever introduced an evil practice (Sunnah) into Islaam then upon him is the burden of it and whoever works in accordance to it until the Day of Resurrection, and their burden will not be diminished in the least.”

[Saheeh Muslim on the authority of Jareer ibn ‘Abdullah al-Bajalee]

 

More on this topic here:

http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/law/fiqhussunnah/fus2_15.html

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Categories: Knowledge
  1. Ibn Shamsud-Deen
    June 7, 2007 at 1:52 am

    But akh.. i thought there are 2 adhaans for fajr prayer? the first adhaan is approximately 10 to 15 mins before the actual adhaan for fajr.

    As reflected in the hadeeth whereby the prophet tell the people to continue eating their suhoor when they hear bilal’s adhaan and to stop eating when the hear ibn maktoum’s adhaan?

  2. June 7, 2007 at 4:19 am

    As salaamu ‘alaykum

    The part that I quoted from Fatawa Arkan-ul-Islam, Vol. 1. Pg. 406; Here is the question that was asked to Ibn Uthaymeen (All the answers in this vol are by Ibn Uthaymeen):

    “Q 198: Should the saying: As salatu Khairun minan-Nawm (prayer is better than sleep) be in the first Adhaan or in the second adhaan?

    It says after I quoted ‘What is meant by the two Adhaans is the Adhaan and the Iqaamah.’

    [Begin Quote]

    In Sahih Al-Bukhari, it is reported that the Commander of the Faithful, ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, added the third adhaan in the Friday prayer.

    So, the first Adhaan in which Bilal, may Allah be pleased with him, was ordered to say: As Salatu Khairun minan-Nawm was the Adhaan for the Fajr prayer. The people call the Adhaan of the last part of the night the first Adhaan for the Fajr prayer (which you are thinking of akh Shamssuddeen and I was thinking the same before reading this), but the fact is that it is not for the Fajr prayer, because the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam said:

    “Verily Bilal calls the Adhaan at night in order to awaken the sleepers among you, and so that those of you who are standing may return.”
    [Reported by Al-Bukhari in the Book of the Adhaan, in the Chapter: The Adhan Before Fajr; and by Muslim in the Book of Fasting, in the Chapter: The Time of the Fast Begins at Dawn.]

    That is, so that the sleeper may get up and eat his Sahur and so that the one who stands in prayer at night may return and eat his sahur.

    The Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam also said to Malik bin Al-Huwairith, may Allah be pleased with him:

    “If the time for prayer comes, then one of you should call the Adhaan.” [Bukhari]

    It is well known that the prayer does not come until after the start of Fajr, so the Adhan which comes before the start of Fajr is not an adhaan for Fajr.

    Accordingly, the action of the people today and their saying: As Salatu Khairun minan nawm in the Adhan for Fajr is correct.

    As for those who are under the delusion that what is meant by the first Adhaan in the Hadith is the Adhaan which is before the start of Fajr, his opinion is without any merit whatsoever.

    Some of the people say that the evidence that what is meant by it is the Adhaan which is at the end of the night in order to pray the supererogatory prayer is that it is said: As salatu khairun minan nawm, and the word Khairun proves that it is better. (Meaning that the superogatory prayer is being referred to here because the word Khair is used, which they say indicates preference and if it was the obligatory prayer Fajr prayer which is referred to, the word Khair would not have been used.)

    We say in reply: The word Khairun is used to refer to an obligatory act which is the strongest of obligations, such as in the Words of Allah, the Most High:

    O You who believe! Shall I guide you to a trade that will save you from a painful torment? (10) That you believe in Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allâh with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know! (11) Surah As-Saff 61:10-11

    And He, the Most High says regarding the Friday prayer:

    O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salât (prayer) on Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allâh [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salât (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), That is better for you if you did but know! (9) Al-Jumu’ah 62:9

    So, preference can be in obligations, and in recommended acts.

    [End Quote]

    Hope that makes it clear akhee.

  3. June 12, 2007 at 7:12 am

    As salaamu ‘alaykum

    Just wanted to give some update on this topic bi’idhnillah.

    Shaykh Albanee rahimahullah was of the opinion that if you make just one adhaan, then you do not say “as salaatu khairul minan nawm” because from the sunnah is to say that in the first adhaan when you wake the people up.

    So there is a difference of opinion in this matter it seems. So go with whatever seems more closer to the Sunnah inshaAllah ta’ala.

    http://fatwaislam.com/fis/index.cfm?scn=fd&ID=85

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