Home > Islamic Rulings (Fatwaas), Manhaj (Methodology) > Should the Muslim celebrate the Prophet’s Birthday?

Should the Muslim celebrate the Prophet’s Birthday?


Is it permissible for the Muslims to celebrate the Prophet’s birthday?

Question:

Is it permissible for the Muslims to celebrate in the masjid for the remembrance of the noble Prophetic biography (Seerah) during the 12th night of Rabee’ Al-Awwal for the occassion of the noble Prophet’s birthday, without them treating it’s day like the ‘Eed? We have differed regarding it: it has been said that it is a good innovation, and it has been said that it is an innovation that is not good.

Answer:

It is not correct for the Muslims to establish a celebration for the birthday of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) on the 12th night of Rabee’ Al-Awwal, or any other time. Likewise, it is not right for them to establish any celebration for the birthday of anyone else besides him (‘alayhis-salaatu was-salaam). This is because celebrating the birthdays is from the newly introduced innovations in the religion (of Islaam; the Deen). This is because the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did not celebrate his birthday in his lifetime (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and he is the one who conveyed the religion, and he brought the legislation of the laws from his Lord, glory be unto Him. And he (the Prophet) did not command that (celebrating his birthday), and his rightly guided successors (the Khaleefahs; Caliphs) did not do it, and nor did his companions – all of them – and nor did the successors of the companions (At-Taabi’oon) who followed them in righteousness in the blessed generations. Thus, it is known that it is an innovation. And indeed the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever introduces into this matter of ours (i.e. our Deen and our Sharee’ah) what is not from it, then it is rejected.” This hadeeth’s authenticity is agreed upon (in Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim). And in a narration of this hadeeth in Muslim, and Al-Bukhaaree mentioned it in Ta’leeq form (i.e. without the complete chain of narrators) but being absolutely certain of it’s reliability, the wording, “Whoever does a deed that our matter is not upon, then it is rejected.”

And the celebrating of the birthdays is not upon the matter of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Rather, it is from that which the people have introduced into his Deen (religion) in the later generations, therefore it is rejected. And the Prophet (‘alayhis-salaatu was-salaam) would say in his Khutbah (sermon) on the day of Al-Jumu’ah (Friday), “Thus to proceed: Verily the best speech is the Book of Allaah, and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and the worst of the matters are the newly introduced matters, and every innovation is a misguidance.” It was reported by Muslim in his Saheeh, and An-Nasaa’ee also reported it with a good chain of narration, and in his version he adds (that the Prophet said), “And every misguidance is in the Hell Fire.”

And what suffices without the need of celebrating his birthday is teaching the narrations that relate to his birth within the lessons which relate to his biography (Seerah) (‘alayhis-salaatu was-salaam), and the history of his life during the times of pre-Islamic ignorance and Islam. This should be done in the schools, and the masjids, and other places as well. With this there is no need for introducing a celebration that Allaah did not legislate and nor did His Messenger ( sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and which there is no legislative proof to establish it. And Allaah is the One Who is sought for help. And we ask Allaah for guidance for all of the Muslims and success in sufficing themselves with the Sunnah, and being aware of innovation.

Ash-Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdillaah bin Baaz (rahimahullaah)

Source: Kitaab ud-Da’wah, Vol.1, pg. 240, and Majmoo’ Fataawaa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwa’ah, Vol.4.

Translated by Aqeel Walker

4/4/07

هل يحل للمسلمين أن يحتفلوا بالمولد النبوي ؟

السؤال :

هل يحل للمسلمين أن يحتفلوا في المسجد ليتذكروا السيرة النبوية الشريفة في ليلة 12 ربيع الأول بمناسبة المولد النبوي الشريف بدون أن يعطلوا نهاره كالعيد ؟ واختلفنا فيه ، قيل بدعة حسنة ، وقيل بدعة غير حسنة ؟

الجواب :

ليس للمسلمين أن يقيموا احتفالا بمولد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في ليلة 12 ربيع الأول ولا في غيرها ، كما أنه ليس لهم أن يقيموا أي احتفال بمولد غيره عليه الصلاة والسلام . لأن الاحتفال بالموالد من البدع المحدثة في الدين؛ لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لم يحتفل بمولده في حياته صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو المبلغ للدين والمشرع للشرائع عن ربه سبحانه ولا أمر بذلك ولم يفعله خلفاؤه الراشدون ولا أصحابه جميعا ولا التابعون لهم بإحسان في القرون المفضلة . فعلم أنه بدعة وقد قال صلى الله عليه وسلم : ((من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد)) متفق على صحته ، وفي رواية لمسلم وعلقها البخاري جازما بها (( من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد ))
والاحتفال بالموالد ليس عليه أمر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بل هو مما أحدثه الناس في دينه في القرون المتأخرة فيكون مردودا ، وكان عليه الصلاة والسلام يقول في خطبته يوم الجمعة ((أما بعد : فإن خير الحديث كتاب الله وخير الهدي هدي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم وشر الأمور محدثاتها وكل بدعة ضلالة)) رواه مسلم في صحيحه وأخرجه النسائي بإسناد جيد وزاد ((وكل ضلالة في النار)) ويغني عن الاحتفال بمولده تدريس الأخبار المتعلقة بالمولد ضمن الدروس التي تتعلق بسيرته عليه الصلاة والسلام وتاريخ حياته في الجاهلية والإسلام في المدارس والمساجد وغير ذلك ، من غير حاجة إلى إحداث احتفال لم يشرعه الله ولا رسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم ولم يقم عليه دليل شرعي . والله المستعان ونسأل الله لجميع المسلمين الهداية والتوفيق للاكتفاء بالسنة والحذر من البدعة .

 

المصدر :

كتاب الدعوة ج1 ص 240 – مجموع فتاوى ومقالات متنوعة الجزء الرابع

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