Not Permissible to describe a dead person as ‘forgiven’ or ‘upon whom is mercy’
All praise be to Allah and may peace and blessings of Allah be upon His servant and His Messenger , Muhammad and upon his family and Companions. As for what follows:
Many announcements have appeared in the newspapers concerning the deaths of some people, as have the notices of bereavements placed by the relatives of the dead, describing the dead therein as ‘ forgiven’ or saying ‘ upon whom is mercy ‘ , or such like sayings, indicating that he is one of the inhabitants of Paradise. It is not unknown to any who has knowledge of the religion of Islam and its beliefs that it is not permissable to testify for anyone that he is in Paradise or Hell, except those who are documneted in the Quran, such as Abu Lahab , or those whose end was testified to by the Messenger sallallahu alayhe was salaam, such as the ten from among the Companions, May Allah be pleased with them and their like. Or others such as them , for whom there is evidence of their being forgiven or shown mercy. Therefore it is incumbent to say instead : ” May Allah forgive him ” or : ” May Allah have mercy on him ” , or similar words of supplication for the dead.
I ask Allah, The Most Glorifed that He guide us all to the Straight Path . And may peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet sallallahu alayhe was salaam andupon his family and Companions.
Sheykh Ibn Baz