Archive

Archive for March, 2007

Giving Da’wah Gradually and Applying Wisdom

Giving Da’wah Gradually and Applying Wisdom in Implementing Acts of the Sunnah

(Ash-Shaikh Rabee’ bin Haadee bin ‘Umayr Al-Madkhalee – may Allaah preserve him)

 

 

Question: Some people of knowledge have said, “Verily from Fiqh ul-Khilaaf (Understanding of Differing) is that when a man comes to the people of a land, and he is in opposition to their math-hab regarding an issue from the issues in which differing is allowed, is that he should yield to (i.e. not challenge or refute) their opinion in order to prevent confusing the common people. So what is the correctness of this statement? And may Allaah reward you with good.

 

Answer: Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah have mercy upon him) held the opinion that from the benefit of the Da’wah is that you should forgo a Sunnah practice and not be stern in implementing it until you surpass a stage where it will be possible for them (the people) to accept from you the implementation of this Sunnah (may Allaah have mercy upon him).

 

And indeed he gave an example of this: That the Messenger (‘alayhissalaatu wassalaam) left off tearing down the Ka’bah for the sake of the benefit and repelling the harm (‘alayhis-salaatu was-salaam). And this is a matter that is desired, and with that, for the sake of preventing the harms which would result from tearing it down and rebuilding it – meaning the Messenger (‘alayhis-salaatu was-salaam) said to ‘Aa’ishah, “O ‘Aa’ishah! Were it not for your people having just recently left Shirk (associating partners with than Allaah) I would have torn down the Ka’bah, and added some land to it (i.e. built it over again upon the foundations of Ibraaheem), and I would have made two doors for it – an Eastern door, and a Western door – and I would have added to it six cubits from the Hijr [i.e. the half circled, walled area called Hijr (room) of Ismaa’eel]. For indeed the Quraysh shortened it where they built the Ka’bah.” (Reported by Muslim, hadeeth number 1333.)

 

The understanding of the hadeeth is that when we consider a deed to be from the Sunan (plural of Sunnah) that some harm would come as a result of its implementation, even if it is obligatory – like commanding the good; commanding the good is obligatory, and it is a fundamental from the fundamentals of Islaam (then you should not do it). If your prohibiting this evil would lead to a greater harm, then it is not permissible for you to prevent it because it would lead to a greater harm.

 

The point that is being proven here is that the Da’wah (Islamic propagation) requires wisdom, and it requires knowledge. “Call to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and the good admonition, and argue with them with that which is best.”

And for this reason Allaah, glory be unto Him, the Most High, brought legislation gradually in stages for the Muslim nation. He did not forbid intoxicants except at the end (of the revelation), and he gradually revealed its forbiddance in stages. And He did not forbid interest except at the end (of the revelation). So Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah says, “The caller to Allaah who is in a corrupt land, there is no harm in him taking things gradually in stages. He should be gradual in the Da’wah. He should not bring all of Islaam and poor it upon the deviated nation of people.”

 

He (the caller) should not come to the Raafidhee (Shi’ite) people, or the Soofee people who are extreme grave worshippers, and demand from them the implementation of the Sunan while they are immersed in deviations and aspects of Shirk (association of partners with Allaah)! Begin with the call to At-Tawheed (Islamic monotheism, the worship of Allaah alone) and the establishment of the obligatory acts. And if they have with them some things that are contrary to the Sunan – after he has passed these stages (of calling them away from Shirk) – then he may enter into teaching them the Sunan.

 

Ash-Shaikh Rabee’ Al-Madkhalee

Source: http://www.rabee.net/show_fatwa.aspx?id=207

Translated by Aqeel Walker

3/29/07

السؤال: بعض أهل العلم قال : إن من فقه الخلاف أنه إذا نزل المرء على أهل بلد وهو مخالف لمذهبهم في مسألة من المسائل التي يسوغ فيها الخلاف أن ينزل على رأيهم منعا للتلبيس على العامة، فما مدى صحة هذا القول وجزاكم الله خيرا ؟

الـجــواب:

يرى ابن تيمية رحمه الله أنّ من مصلحة الدعوة أنك تتنازل عن سنة ولا تتشدد فيها حتى تتجاوز مرحلة يمكن أن يقبلوا منك تطبيق هذه السنة – رحمه الله – .
 

وقد يضرب مثلا لهذا :  أن الرسول عليه الصلاة والسلام ترك هدم الكعبة لأجل المصلحة ودرء المفسدة عليه الصلاة والسلام؛ هذا أمر مطلوب ومع ذلك لدفع المفاسد التي تترتب على هدمها وبنائها؛ يعني الرسول عليه الصلاة والسلام قال لعائشة :  ( يا عَائِشَةُ لَوْلَا أَنَّ قَوْمَكِ حَدِيثُو عَهْدٍ بِشِرْكٍ لَهَدَمْتُ الْكَعْبَةَ فَأَلْزَقْتُهَا بِالْأَرْضِ وَجَعَلْتُ لها بَابَيْنِ بَابًا شَرْقِيًّا وَبَابًا غَرْبِيًّا وَزِدْتُ فيها سِتَّةَ أَذْرُعٍ من الْحِجْرِ فإن قُرَيْشًا اقْتَصَـرَتْهَا حَيْثُ بَنَتْ الْكَعْبَةَ ).

ففقه الحديث أننا إذا رأينا عملا من السنن يترتب عليه مفسدة حتى لو كان واجبا؛ كالأمر بالمعروف؛ الأمر بالمعروف واجب وأصل من أصول الإسلام؛ إذا كان نهيك عن هذا المنكر يؤدي إلى مفسدة أعظم فلا يجوز لك أن تنكر لأنه يؤدي إلى مفسدة أعظم .
 

الشاهد :  أن الدعوة تحتاج إلى حكمة وتحتاج إلى علم :  ( ادْعُ إِلِى سَبِيلِ رَبِّكَ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ وَجَادِلْهُم بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ ) ولهذا الله سبحانه وتعالى تدرج بالأمة في التشريع؛ ما حرم الخمر إلا في الأخير وتدرج في تحريمه، وما حرم الربا إلا في الأخير، فيقول شيخ الإسلام ابن تيمية :  الداعية إلى الله في بلد فاسد لا مانع أن يتدرج؛ يتدرج في الدعوة، لا يأتي بالإسلام كله يصبّه على شعب منحرف .
 

لا تأتي إلى شعب رافضي، شعب صوفي غال في القبورية، وتطالبهم بالسنن وهم واقعون في الضلالات والشركيات ! ابدأ بالدعوة إلى التوحيد وإقامة الواجبات، وإذا عندهم مخالفات في السنن؛ بعدما تقطع هذه المراحل ادخل في تعليمهم السنن .

…………………

أخرجه مسلم برقم: ( 1333)

Advertisements

E-Book: Islaamic Condemnation of Terrorism

March 28, 2007 1 comment


“The Brothers of The Devils”
An Islamic condemnation of Terrorists, Hijackers & suicide bombers..
translations by salafi brothers @ : http://www.salafipublications.com & http://www.troid.org

Download the Book (right-click and Save-As)

 

36pgs / eng.

Salafi scholar, the late shaykh Ibn Baaz said, regarding a group called Jamaa’at ul-Jihaad (the congregation of jihad) that is involved in terrorism and suicide bombings,
… they are not to be co-operated with, nor are they to be given salutations. Rather, they are to be cut off from, and the people are to be warned against their evil. Since they are a fitnah (tribulation/trial) and are harmful to the Muslims, and they are the brothers of the Devils (Shayateen)!
Taken from: http://www.counterterrorismblog.blogspot.com

Categories: Terrorism

Six Attacks by Shaytaan and Ten Defenses

March 27, 2007 6 comments

Six Attacks by Shaytaan – Ten Defenses

Shaykh Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Naasir as-Sa’dee

Reference: Compiled by as Sa’dee from Ibnul Qayim’s book: Badaa-‘i al fawaa-id. Tareeq al Wusool ila al ‘Ilm al Mawool: p.129
Category: General

The evil of Shaytaan is limited to six categories, he continues [to assault] mankind until he succeeds in one or more of them:

1) The evil of polytheism and disbelief;

2) Then innovations;

3) Next are the major sins;

4) Then the minor sins;

5) Subsequently, busying people with practicing Mubahaat [1] instead of practicing good deeds [that one is rewarded for];

6) Next is busying them with practicing deeds which are good instead of deeds which are better.

The reasons that safeguard a servant from the Shaytaan are ten:

1) Seeking refuge with Allaah from him;

2) Reading al Mu’awathatain [Surat an Nas and Surat al Falaq];

3) Reading Ayatul Kursi;

4) Reading Surat al Baqarah;

5) Reading the ending of Surat al Baqarah [last two verses];

6) The believer reading from the beginning of {Haa Meem.} until {to Him is the final return.} [Ghafir: 1-3];

7) Saying what translated means: ‘There is no deity worthy of worship but Allaah, alone having no partners, to him belongs the dominion, to him belongs all praise, and He has the ability to do all things.’ One hundred times;

8 ) Practicing the remembrance of Allaah a lot;

9) Performing ablution along with prayers;

10) Refraining from supernumerary (extra) looking around, talking, eating and mixing with people.


[1] Actions that one is neither ordered to or prohibited from performing specifically, such as eating or sleeping.

Translator: Nadir Ahmad, Abu Abdul-Waahid
Date Published: Saturday, 09 December 2006
This article has been read 873 times
Print this article
The translator affirms the accuracy of his translation of this article. Should you have any comment(s) and/or correction(s) to suggest, please write to us at:

…and your email will be passed on to him, inshaa.-Allaah.


أشرار الشيطان ست و الاعتصام بعشر

الشيخ عبد الرحمن ناصر السعدي

المرجع: جمعه السعدي من بدائع الفوائد طريق الوصول الي العلم المأول: ص:129

الباب: عام

 

1. شر الكفر والشرك. 2. ثم البدعة. 3. ثم كبائر الذنوب. 4. ثم صغائرها. 5. ثم الاشتغال بالمباحات عن الخير. ثم بالعمل المفضول عن الفاضل. والاسباب التى يعتصم بها العبد من الشيطتن عشرة: 1. الاستعاذة بالله منه. 2. قراءة المعوذتين. 3. – قراءة آية الكرسي. 4. قراءة البقرة. 5. قراءة خاتمة البقرة. 6. قراءة اول {حم} المؤمن الى { اليه المصير} ( غافر: 3). 7. ولا اله الا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك، وله الحمد، وهو على كل شئ قدير. مئة مرة. 8. كثرة ذكر الله. 9. الوضؤء مع الصلاة. 10. امساك فضول النظر، والكلام ، والطعام، ومخالطة الناس

المترجم: أبو عبد الواحد نادر أحمد

When Repenting To Allah

As salaamu ‘alaykum

 This is a post which is a very important reminder for myself first and foremost, for none of us are free from sins. So we ask Allah that He makes us steadfast upon the straight path once it becomes clear to us and that He accepts our repentance.  

Matters in Which Caution is Required (When Repenting to Allaah)

By Shaykh Saleem bin ‘Eed al-Hilaalee

1. Persisting in sin

Repentance cannot be valid if it is accompanied by a person’s persistence in sin; this is a transgression which defeats the purpose of repentance.

“And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse etc.) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allaah and ask forgiveness for their sins; – and none can forgive sins but Allaah – And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know.” (Aali Imran 3:135)

2. Failure to learn ones lesson

“They thought there will be no Fitnah (trial or punishment), so they became blind and deaf; after that Allaah turned to them (with Forgiveness) ; yet again many of them became blind and deaf. And Allaah is the All­-Seer of what they do.” (Al-Ma’idah 5:71)

“See they not that they are tried once or twice every year (with different kinds of calamities, disease, famine, etc.)? Yet, they turn not in repentance, nor do they learn a lesson (from it).” (At-Tawbah 9:126)

3. Making light of ones sin

The Prophet (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Pay heed to little sins, for they will pile up until they destroy a man, like a man who was in a barren desert, and joined up with other people: each man gathers a little bit of firewood until they had gather enough to make a fire and cook their food on it.” (Reported by Ahmad, 1/402-403, classed hasan by al-Albaanee in Saheeh al-Jami’ al-Saghir, 2684)

4. Impudence in sin

The Prophet (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Every member of my Ummah is sound except for those who commit sin impudently.” (Reported by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)

Taken from: True Repentance in Light of the Noble Qur’aan and Sound Ahaadeeth, Pgs. 68-70 (translated into English from the original treatise entitled ‘At-Tawbatu Nasooh fi Dawi al-Quranil-Kareem wal-ahaadeeth as-Saheehah’ by Huda Khattaab and published by the ‘International Islamic Publishing House’)

Warning against sitting or mixing with the People of Innovations

Warning Against the Innovators
  The Salaf and their Position Towards The People of Innovations & Desires
Author: Imam al-Laalikaa’ee
Source: Sharh Usool ul-I’tiqaad (Eng. Trans. by Dawud Burbank)
Article ID : BDH050001  

Al-Imam al-Hafiz Abul-Qaasim Habatullaah ibn al-Hasan ibn Mansoor at-Tabaree AL – LAALIKAA’EE (d.418 H) reports in his ‘ Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah ‘ (1/135-136/no. 252)

“Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn al-Qasim related to us, saying :
Ahmad ibn al-Hasan narrated to us saying :
Sulaymaan ibn al-Asha’ath narrated to us, saying :
Abdullaah ibn Chubby al-Antique narrated to us, saying :
Yaws ibn Asbaat narrated to us, saying :
*I heard Muhammad ibn an-Nadr al-Haarithee say: “Whoever listens to a person of innovation – and knows that he is a person of innovation – then protection is taken away from him, and he is left to himself.”

& Imaam Aboo ‘Abdullaah ibn Muhammad IBN BATTAH al-‘Akbaree al-Hanbalee (d. 387 H) reports it in his ‘Ibaanatul-Kubra’ (2/460/no.443):

“Abul-Qaasim Hafs ibn ‘Umar narrated to us, saying :
Aboo Haatim ar-Raazee narrated to us, saying :
Muhammad ibn ‘Ubaadah ibn al-Bakhtaree narrated to us, saying :
‘Ubaadah ibn Kulayb Aboo Ghassan al-Laythee narrated to us :
*from Muhammad ibn an-Nadr al-Haarithee, who said: “Whoever listens to a person of innovation and knows that he is a person of innovation – then he is left to himself and leaves the protection of Allaah.”

adh-Dhahabee said of him in ‘Siyar A’laamin-Nubalaa’ (8/175-176) : “Muhammad ibn an-Nadr, Aboo ‘Abdur -Rahman, al-Haarithee, al-Koofee: The worshipper of the people of his time in koofah. He reported from al-Awzaa’ee and others. From him (report): Ibn Mahdee, Khaalid ibn Yazeed, Jareer ibn Ziyaad & Aboo Nasr at-Tammar – some sayings. Aboo Usaamah said : “He was one of the greatest worshippers in Koofah.”

And ‘Abdul-Quddoos ibn Bakr narrated from Muhammad ibn an-Nadr that he said : “The greatest start of Knowledge is to listen and remain silent, then to memorise it, then to act upon it, then to spread it.”

Ibn al-Mubaarak said : “When Muhammad ibn an-Nadr used to mention death his joints would tremble.”

And from Abul-Ahwas who said : “Muhammad ibn an-Nadr made a promise upon himself that he would not sleep unless his eye became overcome with sleep.”

IBN BATTAH also reports in ‘al-Ibaantul-Kubra’ (2/461/no.444):
“Abul-Qaasim Hafs ibn ‘Umar narrated to us, saying :
Aboo Haatim narrated to us, saying :
*ibn Ibraheem an-Neesaabooree narrated to us, saying :
Checker said: * Unclear in manuscript
al-Husayn ibn ar-Rabee’ narrated to us, saying :
Yahyaa ibn ‘Umar ath-Thaqafee narrated to us, that he heard :
SUFYAAN ATH-THAWREE say ;
“Whoever listens to a person of innovation leaves the protection of Allaah and is left to himself. ”

Beware of friendship with the people of the innovated sects, innovated beliefs and people of deviation, beware of sitting with them and beware of listening to them or hearing or reading their words, beware of debating with them and arguing with them – and allowing them to quote their misguided beliefs to you. Imam al-Laalikaa’ee mentions a large number of narration’s from the Salaf warning against associating with the people of innovation in his ‘Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah’ – here are some of them (chains of narration omitted):-

(31)…from Ayyoob (as-Sakhtiyaanee) who said: “Indeed from the well-being of a youth or a non-Arab is that Allah should guide them to a scholar from the companions of the Sunnah.”

(32) … from Ibn Shawdhab who said : “indeed from the blessings of Allah upon a youth who seeks to worship Allah is that he is granted as a brother a companion of the Sunnah who encourages him upon it.”

(196)… from ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn Yazeed who said : I heard ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood say: “Beware of the innovations which the people invent, since the Deen does not pass out of the hearts all at once – rather Shaitaan introduces innovations for him until he expels Eemaan from the heart; and it will soon happen that the people will abandon the obligatory duties which Allaah has made binding upon them – the Prayer, the Fast, the lawful and the prohibited, and speak about their Lord – the Mighty and Majestic. So who ever reaches that time then let him flee.” It was said: O Aboo Abdur-Rahman, to where? He said: “Not to anywhere, he should flee with his heart and his Deen and not sit with anyone of the people of innovation.”

(199)…From Mujaahid who said: “It was said to Ibn Umar that Najdah says so and so …, but he stopped himself from hearing it for fear that some of it would fall into his heart.”

(240)…From Al-Hasan [i.e. Al-Basaree] who used to say: “Do not sit with the people of innovated beliefs, do not debate with them and do not listen to them.”

(242)…(From) Sa’eed ibn ‘Aamir who said: I heard Ismaa’eel [i.e. Ibn Khaarijah] narrate, saying: two men from the people of the innovated sects came to Muhammad Ibn Seereen and said: “O Aboo Bakr we want to narrate something to you.” He said: “No.” They said: “Then may we recite an Aayah from Allaah’s book to you?” He said: “No.” He said: “Either you two get up and leave or I will get up.” So the two men stood up and left. So one of the people said: “What harm would it do to you for him to recite an Aayah?” He said: “I hated that he should recite an Aayah and that they would distort it and then it would enter my heart.”

(244)…From Aboo Qulaabah who said: “Do not sit with them and do not mix with them for I do not feel safe that they will not drown you in their misguidance and confuse you about much that you used to know.”

(246)…From Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaanee who said: Aboo Qulaabah said to me “O Ayyoob, memorise four things from me: Do not speak about the Quraan from your opinion, and beware of Qadr, and if the companions of Muhammad are mentioned then withhold, and do not let the people of innovation gain access to your hearing.”

(248)…Ma’mar said: Ibn – Taawoos was sitting when one of the Mu’tazilah came and began speaking, so ibn Taawoos entered his fingers into his ears and said to his son: “O My son put your fingers into your ears and press tightly so you do not hear any of his speech.” Ma’mar said: Meaning that the heart is weak.

(249)…’Abdur Razzaaq narrated to us saying: Ibraaheem ibn Abee Yahya said to me: “I think that there are many from the Mu’tazilah in your area!?” I said: “Yes and they claim that you are one of them.” He said: “Will you enter this shop with me so that I can speak with you?” I said: “No.” He said: “Why?!” I said: “Since the heart is weak and the Deen is not for the one who overcomes in debating.”

(251)…From Al-Awzaa’ee who said: ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul – ‘Azeez said: “if you see a people meeting secretly concerning the Deen with anything to the exclusion of the common people – then know that they are upon the foundation of misguidance.”

(252)…Yoosaf ibn Asbaat said: I heard Muhammad Ibn An – Nadral – Haarithee say: “Whoever lends ear to an innovator – and knows that he is an innovator then the protection is removed form him and he is left to himself.”

(253)…Yoonus ibn ‘ Ubayd said: “Do not sit with a ruler or an innovator .”

(254)…Amad ibn Yoonus said: A man said to Sufyaan – and I was listening – ‘O Aboo’ Abdullaah advice me.’ He said: “Beware of innovated sects and disputation and beware of rulers.”

(259)…Yahyaa ibn Abee Katheer said: “If you see a person of innovation upon a certain road then take a different one.”

(260)…Ismaa’eel at – Toosee said: Ibn al – Mubaarak said to me: “let your sitting be with the poor and beware of sitting with a person of innovation.”

(261)…al – Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad said: “Whichever man someone comes to asking for advice and he directs him to an innovator then he has acted deceitfully towards Islam, and beware of entering upon a person of innovation since they prevent from the truth.”

(262)…al – Fudayl said; “Do not sit with an innovator for I fear that curses will descend upon you.”

(263)…al – Fudayl said: “Do not sit with an innovator – Allaah has rendered his deeds futile and taken out the light of Islaam from his heart, and if Allaah loves a servant he grants him good and pure food.”

(264)… al – Fudayl said : “Do not trust the innovator concerning your Deen, and do not seek his advice in your affairs, and do not sit with him since whoever sits with an innovator – Allah will cause him to become blind.”

(265)…al-Fudayl said: “Allah has angels who seek out the gatherings of dhikr – so look to whose gathering you sit in – let it not be with the person of innovation since Allah will not look to them, and the sign of Hypocrisy is that a man gets up and sits with an innovator.”

(266)… al-Fudayl said: “” The souls of pre-arranged armies – so whichever of them knew each other will come together, and those who did not will be separate, ” and it is not possible that a person of Sunnah assists an innovator except due to hypocrisy.”

(267)… al-Fudayl said: “I reached the best of the people – all of them were people of the Sunnah and they warned against the people of innovation.”

(268)… al-Fudayl said: “Glad tidings for one who died upon Islam and the Sunnah – and if that is the case then let one say much : As Allah wills (Maa Shaa Allah).”

(270)… al Hasan said: “From the person of innovation Allah does not accept Prayer, nor Fasting, nor Hajj, nor ‘Umra, nor Jihaad, nor repentance, nor charity.”

(271)… al Hasan said: “Allah does not accept anything from a person of innovation.”

(272)… al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyaad said: “No action of the person of innovation is raised up to Allah.”

(273)… Ibraaheem ibn Maysarah said: “He who honours an innovator has assisted in the demolition of Islaam.”

(274)… ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar as-Sarkhusee – the scholar of al-Khazar – said: I ate a single meal with an innovator and Ibn al-Mubaarak heard of it so he said : “I will not speak to him for thirty days.”

(275)… al-Fudayl said: Ibn al-Mubaarak said: “I have not seen any wealth which I despise more than that of a person of innovation and he said: ‘O Allah do not let any innovator give me anything so that my heart should love him.”

(276)… from Ibraaheem [i.e. an-Nakha’ee] who said: “There is no backbiting regarding an innovator.”

(278)… from al-Hasan al-Basaree, who said: “There are three who have no inviolability with regard to backbiting: one of them is the person of innovation who calls to his innovation.”

(281)… from Katheer, Aboo Sahl who said: “It is said that there is no inviolability for the people of innovated sects.”

(284)… from ‘Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak said: “The person of innovation has darkness in his face even if he anoints it thirty times a day.”

(286)… Sallaam ibn Abee Mutee’ said: a man said to Ayyoob: ‘O Abu Bakr, ‘Amr ibn ‘Ubayd has turned back from his opinion !!’ He said: “He has not turned back.” He said: ‘Indeed, O Aboo Bakr, he has turned back.” Ayyoob said: “He has not turned back – (three times) – he has not turned back. Have you not heard his (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) saying:”They shoot out from the Deen just as the arrow shoots through the prey, then they do not return to it until the arrow returns to the bow – string”.”

(290)… Ayyoob used to call all the people of the innovated sects ‘Khawaarij’ and say : “The Khawaarij have different names but are all united upon use of the sword.”

(291)… Sallaam said: A person of the innovated sects said to Ayyoob : “I want ask you about a word.” He turned away and said: ” No, nor even a half a word.” – Twice indicating with his finger.

(293)… Malik ibn Anas said: ” Is to be the case that every time someone comes who can argue better than another that we are to abandon what Jibreel brought to Muhammad (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) because of his argument?!”

Source: www.spubs.com

Categories: Sayings of the Salaf

The Splitting up of this Ummah

Introductory Materials
The Splitting and Differing in the Ummah is Due to the
Innovations and Innovators
Author: Imaam ash-Shatibee
Source: Al-I’tisaam
Article ID : GSC010003
SPUBS.COM
———————————————————-
———–

Imaam ash-Shaatibee (rahimahullaah) said in al-I’tisaam (1/40-45):

…And Ibn Wahb said: “I heard Maalik saying: `There is no verse in
the Book of Allaah that is harder upon those in disagreement amongst
the People of Desires than this verse:

On the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) when some faces will
become white and some faces will become black; as for those whose
faces will become black (to them will be said): “Did you reject
Faith after accepting it? Then taste the torment (in Hell) for
rejecting Faith.” [Aali Imraan 3:106]

Maalik said: “And which words are more clearer than these?’ And I
saw him explaining these verses in reference to the People of
Desires.”

Ibn al-Qaasim reported this and added: “Maalik said to me: `This
verse is about the people of the qiblah [i.e. Muslims].” And what
Imaam Maalik has said about this verse has been narrated from more
than one person as has preceded such as al-Hasan.

From Qataadah, that he said regarding the saying of Allaah:

And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after
the clear proofs had come to them [Aali Imraan 3:105]

“Meaning: The People of Innovation.”

And from Ibn `Abbaas, that he said regarding the saying of Allaah:

On the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) when some faces will
become white and some faces will become black [Aali Imraan 3:106]

“The faces of Ahl us-Sunnah will become white and the faces of Ahl
ul-Bid’ah will become black.”

And also amongst the verses [that are related to the censure of
innovation] is His saying:

“And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not
(other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This
He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqûn” [Al-An’aam
6:153]

The `Siraat ul-Mustaqeem’ (Straight Path) is the path to which
Allaah has called and that is the Sunnah. And `Subul (other paths)
are the paths of the people of disagreement who turn away from the
Straight Path, and they are the People of Innovation. And the intent
here is not the `paths of disobedience’ because no one makes
disobedience a path that he continuously treads upon – in imitation
of and resemblance to the legislation, but rather this description
is specifically for the invented innovations.

And what Ismaa’eel has narrated from Sulaimaan bin Harb gives
evidence to this: “Hammaad bin Zaid narrated to us from `Aasim bin
Bahdalah from Abu Waa’il from Abdullaah [Ibn `Abbaas] who said: `One
Day the Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) drew for us a long,
straight line’ and then Sulaimaan drew for us a long, straight
line, `and then he drew lines to its right and to its left and then
said: This is the Path of Allaah. Then he drew lines to its right
and to its left and said: These are different paths, upon each of
these ways is a devil calling to it’, and then he recited the verse:

“And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not
(other) paths…” [Al-An’aam 6:153]

meaning these paths

“…for they will separate you away from His Path” Al-An’aam 6:153]”

Bikr bin `Alaa said: “He meant the devils amongst men and these are
the innovations and Allaah knows best.

And the hadeeth has been reported in many ways.

And `Umar bin Salamah al-Hamdaanee said: “We were sitting in the
circle of Ibn Mas’ood in the mosque, which had been plain land after
it had been covered with gravel. `Ubaidullaah bin Umar ibn al-
Khattaab, who had just returned from an expedition, said to
him: `What is the straight path O Abu `Abdur-Rahmaan?’ He
replied: `By the Lord of the Ka’bah, it is that which your father
was firmly established upon until he entered Paradise’ and then he
swore firmly upon that three times, Then he drew a line in the
ground with his hand and also drew lines to either side of it and
said: `Your Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) left you upon this
end and its other end is in Paradise. So whoever remains steadily
upon it will enter Paradise and whoever takes any of these lines
will be destroyed.”

And in another narration: “O Abu `Abdur-Rahmaan, what is the
straight path?” He said: “The Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi
wasallam) left us upon the nearest end of the line and its other end
is in Paradise. And to its left and right are roads in which there
are men who invite those who pass by them, saying: `Come this way!
Come this way!” So whoever is taken by them to those paths will end
up in Hellfire and whoever remains steadfast upon the great path
will end up, through it, in Paradise.” The Ibn Mas’ood recited:

“And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not
(other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This
He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqûn” [Al-An’aam
6:153]

And Mujaahid said about the saying of Allaah:

…and follow not (other) paths [Al-An’aam 6:153]

“The innovations and doubts.”

And Abdur-Rahmaan bin Mahdee said: “Maalik bin Anas had been asked
about the Sunnah and he said: `It is whatever has no other name for
it except `the Sunnah’ and he recited:

“And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not
(other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. [Al-
An’aam 6:153]

Bikr bin `Alaa said: “He means – if Allaah wills – the hadeeth of
Ibn Mas’ood that the Messenger (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) drew a
line…” and he mentioned the hadeeth.

And this explanation (tafseer) shows that the verse includes all the
different paths of innovation and does not specify one innovation
over others.

And also amongst the verses [that are related to the censure of
innovation] is the saying of Allaah the Exalted:

And upon Allâh is the responsibility to explain the Straight Path
but there are ways that turn aside. And had He willed, He would have
guided you all (mankind). [An-Nahl 16:9]

The explained path is the Path of Truth and that which is other than
it, turns away from the truth – and these are the paths of
innovations and misguidance – may Allaah protect us, by His
Excellence, from travelling upon them. It is sufficient for whatever
turns away [from the Truth] that it is warned against and the verse
contains a warning and a prohibition [of taking other paths that
turn deviate from the Truth].

And Ibn Waddaah mentioned, saying: “‘Aasim bin Bahdalah was
questioned: `O Abu Bakr, have you considered the saying of Allaah,
the Exalted:

And upon Allâh is the responsibility to explain the Straight Path
but there are ways that turn aside. And had He willed, He would have
guided you all (mankind). [An-Nahl 16:9]

He replied: `Abu Waa’il informed us, from `Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood
saying: “Abdullaah bin Mas’ood drew a straight line and drew lines
to its right and to its left and then said: `The Messenger
(sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) drew just like this, and he said
about the straight line: `This is the path of Allaah’ and about the
lines to its right and left he said: `These are different ways, upon
each of these ways is a devil calling to it.” Allaah the Exalted
said:

“And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it… [Al-An’aam
6:153]

to the end of the verse.

From at-Tustaree, that he said: “Explanation of the path (qasd us-
sabeel) – that is the path of the Sunnah, ` ways that turn aside’
(wa minhaa jaa’ir) – meaning to the Hellfire and they are the sects
and innovations.”

And from Mujaahid, that he said: “”Explanation of the path (qasd us-
sabeel) – meaning the one who is justly balanced between
exaggeration and negligence and this shows that the one who turns
aside is one who commits excesses or is negligent, and both of them
are amongst the descriptions of the innovations.”

And from `Alee (radiallaahu `anhu), that he used to read it: “Wa
minkum jaa’ir…” (And amongst you is one that turns aside). They
said: `He means by that this Ummah.’

So it is as if this verse along with the one before it have come
with the same meaning.

And amongst the verses is the saying of Allaah:

Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects (all
kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad) have no concern in them
in the least. Their affair is only with Allâh, Who then will tell
them what they used to do. [Al-An’aam 6:159]

The explanation (tafseer) of this verse has come in the hadeeth from
Aa’ishah (radiallaahu anhaa) who said: “The Messenger
(sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) said: `O Aa’ishah! Verily, those who
divide their religion and break up into sects. Who are they?’ So I
said: `Allaah and His Messenger know best.’ He replied: `They are
the People of Desires, the People of Innovations and the People of
Misguidance from this Ummah. O Aaishah! For every sin there is
repentance, except [for] the People of Desires and Innovations,
there is no repentance from them and I am free and innocent of them
and they of me.”

Ibn `Atiyyah said: “This verse includes the People of Desires,
Innovations and Deviation in the minor matters and others besides
them from amongst the people engrossed in argumentation, and
disputation with theological rhetoric (kalaam). All of this is
directed towards the mistakes and the arena of evil beliefs.”

And he means – and Allaah knows best – by `amongst the people
engrossed in argumentation, and disputation in the minor matters’
what Abu `Umar bin `Abdul-Barr in the chapter on `Censure of Ra’I
(Opinion)’ in his book `Kitaab ul-`Ilm’ and we shall mention it [in
due course] with the power of Allaah.

And Ibn Battaal quotes in his `Sharh ul-Bukhaaree’ from Abu Haneefah
that he said: “I met `Ataa ibn Rabaah in Makkah and I asked him
about something and he said: `From which place are you?’ I
said: `Kufah’. He said: `Are you from the town [whose inhabitants]
split their religion and break into sects?’ I said: `Yes’. He
said: `From which group are you?’ I said: `From those who do not
revile and abuse the Salaf (Pious Predecessors), who have faith in
Qadr and who do not declare anyone to be a disbeliever on account a
sin [that he committed].’ So `Ataa said: `You know [the truth] so
hold fast.”

And from al-Hasan who said: “Uthmaan bin `Affaan (radiallaahu `anhu)
came out one day and addressed us with a sermon but the people
interrupted his speech and began to throw pebbles at each other
until — He said: `And we heard a voice from one of the rooms of
the Wives of Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam) and it was said:
This is the voice of the Mother of the Believers.’ He said: `So I
heard it and she was saying: `Verily, your Prophet is free and
innocent from the one who divides his religion and breaks up into a
sect’ and she recited:

Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects (all
kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad) have no concern in them
in the least [Al-An’aam 6:159]

Al-Qaadee Ismaa’eel said: “I consider that he means by his
saying `Mother of the Believers’ to be Umm Salamah, that has been
mentioned in some of the hadeeth and Aai’shah at that time was
performing Hajj.”

And from Abu Hurairah: “That this verse was revealed in connection
with this Ummah.” And from Abu Umaamah: “They are the Khawaarij.”

Al-Qaadee said: `The apparent meaning (dhaahir) of the Qur’aan
indicates that everyone who introduces an innovation into the
religion such as the Khawaarij and others besides them – that they
come under this verse, because when they innovate, they argue and
dispute [over this innovation], cause divisions and break off into
sects.”

And amongst such verses is the saying of the Exalted:

And be not of Al­Mushrikûn (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah,
polytheists, idolaters, etc). Of those who split up their religion
(i.e. the true Islâmic Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they
invented new things in the religion (Bid’ah), and followed their
vain desires], each sect rejoicing in that which is with it. [Rum
30:31-32]

It is also read as `faaraqoo’ [instead of `farraqoo’ – thereby
giving it the meaning `depart from and sever oneself from the
religion’]. Abu Hurairah explained it with reference to the
Khawaarij and Abu Umaamah has reported this in marfoo’ form.

It has also been said: `They are the People of Desires and
Innovations’. They said: `Aa’ishah (radiallaahu anhaa) reported it
from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam)’ and that is because
this is the nature of the one who innovates – as Ismaa’eel al-Qaadee
has said and as has preceded in the other verses.

And amongst such verses is the saying of the Exalted:

Say: “He has power to send torment on you from above or from under
your feet, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, and make
you to taste the violence of one another. [Al-An’aam 6:65]

From Ibn `Abbaas that: “Covering you with confusion in party strife,
this is the divergent and varying desires (i.e. innovations).”

And built upon His saying:

…and make you to taste the violence of one another. [Al-An’aam 6:65]

is the pronunciation of takfeer [declaring someone a disbeliever] of
some of you over others so that they fight each other, as occurred
with the Khawaarij when they revolted against the Ahl us-Sunnah wal-
Jamaa’ah. And it has been said that the meaning of:

..or to cover you with confusion in party strife [Al-An’aam 6:65]

is “Covering with differences/disunity”

Mujaahid and Abu al-`Aaliyah said: “This verse is about the Ummah of
Muhammad (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam).” Abu al-`Aaliyah
said: “They are four in number, two of them appeared twenty-five
years after the death of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wasallam),
so they were covered with the confusion of party-strife and some of
them were made to taste the violence of others – and two remained
and they will occur, for sure: Being swallowed from underneath you
(i.e. by the earth) and being transformed/disfigured from above you.”

And this, all of it, is very clear in that the differences and
desires (i.e. innovations) are disliked and not liked and are
blameworthy and not praiseworthy.

And from what has been reported from Mujaahid about the saying of
Allaah:

But they will not cease to disagree – except him on whom your Lord
has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of truth – Islâmic Monotheism)
and for that did He create them. [Hud 11:118-119]

He said about `those who disagree’: “They are the People of
Falsehood” and about `except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His
Mercy’: `The People of Truth, there is no difference amongst them.”

And it has been reported from Mutarrif bin ash-Shakheer that he
said: “If the desires had been but one (i.e. united) then a person
would have said: `Perhaps the truth is in it. But when the desires
split and separate [and become many], every possessor of
intelligence knows that the truth never splits [contradicting
itself].”

From `Ikrimah “‘But they will not cease to disagree’, meaning in the
desires [i.e. their innovations] and `except him on whom your Lord
has bestowed His Mercy’, they are the Ahl us-Sunnah.”

And Abu Bakr bin Thaabit al-Khateeb has quoted from Mansoor bin
Abdur-Rahmaan that he said: “We were sitting with al-Hasan and there
was a man behind me standing and he began to order me to ask him
about the saying of Allaah:

But they will not cease to disagree – except him on whom your Lord
has bestowed His Mercy [Hud 11:118-119]

So he said: “Yes, `they will not cease to disagree’ upon their
different ways `except on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy’ so
whomever He bestows His Mercy upon does not disagree.[i.e. he is not
in disagreement as to the truth, he is clear about it.]

And Ibn Wahb reports from `Umar bin `Abdul `Azeez and Maalik bin
Anas: “The People of Mercy do not differ.” And this verse has a
beautiful explanation which will come later – if Allaah wills.”

[End of Article]

—————-

So know, O reader, that all of the innovated sects fall under this, for they are those who have introduced many innovations into this Ummah and have thus split this Ummah. From them are the extreme Khwaarij such as al-Qa’idah and their likes, the Sufis, the Tableeghi Jamaat in South Asia and other than there, the Qutubees, the Raafidah Sh’eeah, the Ikhwaanal Muslimoon,  and any other sect which has gone away from the correct understanding of this religion as the pious predecessors understood this religion.

And all success is with Allah.

Categories: Innovated Sects

Shaykh Falaah Isma’eel in Person



A WEEKEND WITH SHAYKH FALAAH

ISMAA’EEL AL MUNDIKAAR

*** LIVE IN PERSON ***

Friday 23rd March 7.30 pm

and

Saturday 24th March 7.30 pm

@
Hostel Lounge, Durning Hall Complex
Earlham Grove, Forest Gate,
London, E7 9AB

A rare opportunity not to be missed inshaa Allaah. Our beloved Shaykh hafidhahullaah will be attending LIVE in person. We encourage everyone to attend and to benefit and learn from the Noble Shaykh.

Spread The Word!

www.al-athariyyah.com

 Benefit from this, O brothers and sisters who live in that area inshaAllah ta’ala.